Ornamental Characteristics: Reclinatas have curved, slender brown trunks and a dense crown of stiff and feathery fronds. Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos. Growth Rate: 12 to 36 Inches per Year. Clustering palm, often thicket-forming. Photo by Russell Cumming. Seeds for sale starting at â¬ 5.50. Average, Rich, Well-drained Kew Bulletin, Vol. Photo by Kyle Wicomb. It also forms a component of wattle for the construction of mud houses. Montgomery Botanical Center, Miami, FL. Photo by Kyle Wicomb, "Phoenix reclinata growing in Krugar NP in habitat. Propagation is by seed or division of â¦ Water. Photo by Dr. Stefan Porembski - westafricanplants.senckenberg.de, Burkina Faso, Houet, Koundougou, F.Cl. Northern New Zealand. They are listed alphabetically below : The Phoenix Reclinata (Senegal Date Palm) - General information and specs on the Phoenix Reclinata. RHS Wisley Glasshouse. Uhl, C.B. Acholi and Lango dialects), tit (Luo, Lango and Jonam dialects), itchi (Madi), kikindu (Lunyuli), lusansa (Lusoga), [Hamilton (1981)]. These palms are native to tropical Africa, Madagascar, and the Comoro Islands, where they are found from sea level to 3000 m, in rain forest clearings, monsoonal forests and rocky mountainsides. This page was last modified 23:20, 7 November 2017 by. Photo Locations: Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA, San Luis Obispo, CA and Balboa Park - San Diego, CA. Has either male or female reproductive parts (dioecious). Photo by Geoff Stein, "A clump that had to be thinned, showing aggressive new growth, southern California." While able to tolerate some drought, they are not as drought-tolerant as some of their co-generic cousins, including P. canariensis or dactylifera. (floridata.com). ]. Male and female flowers are borne on separate plants. Unfortunately along with its more tropical appearance comes a more tropical intolerance of deep freezes and arid winds. Trunks are used as beams and poles in construction. This page has been accessed 33,662 times. SelecTree. Serengeti National Park, river loop road, near Seronera Lodge, Tanzania. Zone: 9A-11. The somewhat showy flower stalks, often lost within the thick foliage, are followed by one-inch-long, bright orange dates which are incredibly showy. They produce an edible fruit and palm heart. Photo by Paul Craft. The wild date palm is a relative of the commercial date palm, P. dactylifera which probably originates in North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. This one is pure and looks a little different." 2008. The leaf stem is armored with vicious needles near the trunk. Growth Rate. Daro, taratra, mkindwi (Swahili), [Lamu Distr., Dransfield 4799 (K! Photo by Dr. A. Paton, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Photo by Kahuroa, Male inflorescence of Phoenix reclinata, acanthophylls (not true spines, but modified leaflets) in foreground, pollinator present, white scales on rachis above. Lewis. However large specimens cost up to 10s of thousands of dollars and require a crane and many assistants to move about. Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Photo by Pal Meir. Photo by Paco Garin. Staminate flowers creamy-white; calyx cupule 1 mm high; petals with apex acute-acuminate in shape and with jagged margins, 3 (rarely 4), 6 - 7 x 2 - 3 mm. Old frond bases are medium brown and remain on the trunk forming a showy trunk which is attractive all year long. Manica Province, Mozambique. Fairchild Tropical Botanical Garden in Miami, Florida. Photo by Erika Allegri. Typical Height: 25'-30'. It is now frequently encountered in warm region landscapes everywhere. Phoenix reclinata Figure 1. Makes a great potted specimen for the patio when young. W. Usambara, Tanzania. Phoenix reclinata - Senegal Date Palm Clumping palm with curving trunks and arching fronds. They are commonly cultivated in many countries with temperate weather where they freely hybridize with other cultivated Phoenix species. phoenix reclinata is an evergreen Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a medium rate. Photo-Kew. The leaf rachis is used for making thatch, floor mats and fish traps. Flowers Showy. Photo by Pal Meir. Phoenix reclinata, seedlings almost 1 year old (1984-01-08) â NÂ°84N01-0104. One inch long orange fruit follows the female flower. The leaves are up to 8-15 ft (2.4-4.5 m) long and about 3 ft (0.9 m) wide and recurve attractively toward the ground. Phoenix leonensis Lodd. Photo by Thomas Couvreur. Fruit ovoid-ellipsoid or almost obovoid, ripening yellow to bright orange, 13 - 20 x 7 - 13 mm; mesocarp sweet, scarcely fleshy, about 1 - 2 mm thick. Leaf color is bright to deep green on 30 cm (12") petioles with long, sharp spines at the base, with 20 to 40 leaves per crown. Phoenix reclinata - HUGE Senegal Date Palms Certified Shipping to Florida, Texas, Arizona, California, Nevada Call 1-888-326-PALM for pricing and questions or email firstname.lastname@example.org South Coast Wholesale has boxed and Large Specimen Phoenix reclinata Palm Trees. These slender stems are covered with brown fiber and tend to curve away from the center of the clump in graceful arcs. Shaka-Le (Sherbro), kundi (Mende), [Bonthe Is., Deighton 2397 (K!)]. 1998)/Palmweb. TANZANIA. Sought after for its high ornamental value, the slender stems are covered with brown fiber and tend to curve away from the center of the clump in graceful arcs. 1998)/Palmweb. Today, the tallest trunk is about 6.5 feet. Photo by tanetahi. The fruit, called a date, follows the female flower. Cold Tolerance: Should survive Orlando cold snaps: Light Needs: Much prefers full sun P. reclinata produces a large cluster of tall, slender trunks and a dense crown of elegantly arching leaves. Common names: Wild Date Palm, Cape Date Palm, Coffee Palm, Feather Palm, Wild palm. Photo by Mmcknight4, Menton, French CÃ´te d'Azur, France. Tampa, Fl. Soil Type. Photo by: Hugh Danaher Ed and Janet Noffsinger Garden Santa Cruz, CA. Photo by Geoff Stein, P. reclinata x p. silvestris cross. )]; deli (Fulani), kabba (Hausa), [Mambila Plateau, Hepper 1705 (K!)]. Growing next to a small stream. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Leaves are pinnate with a prounced sideways curve, growing 2.5 to 4.5 m 7.5 to 14 feet) in length and 75 cm (30") in width. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. (Kyle Wicomb), "This palm is one of the more highly sought after specimen palms used in landscaping throughout California, Texas, Arizona, Florida etc... it makes a very tropical looking clump of tall, feather-leaved palms that are somewhat reminiscent of a group of coconut palms (which, unfortunately, don't grow in most of those places). Phoenix reclinata x rupicola Common name: unknown Native to: cultivar Mature height: Mature spread: Leaf type: pinnate: photo by: Jack Tomsky Jack Tomsky Garden Palo Alto: Description: This species in the garden: Growth rate: Sunlight: gradual Water: regular â¦ A young plant of the Australian banyan-type fig Ficus macrophylla, Moreton Bay Fig, has started life as a precarious epiphyte on a near-horizontal trunk of a clumping Phoenix reclinata palm, in Albert Park, Auckland, New Zealand. Cap Manambato, Madagascar. We also have Phoenix hybrids. Fast means they can grow more than one meter per year. Editing by edric. The fruit form in pendent clusters. Los Angeles, California. Staminate flowers. Almost dwarfed. Photo by Geoff Stein, "P.reclinata in Lal Bagh Gardens, Banglore,India." Leaflets from sucker shoots are harvested for making baskets, hats, brushes, building ties, woven dolls and ornaments. Senegal Date Palm Tree (phoenix reclinata) â Strikingly huge clumps â Reclinata is a beautiful,cold tolerant multi-stemmed palm. Both are borne on 3 ft (0.9 m) branched inflorescences. Detailed Scientific Description P. reclinata is a dioecious clustering palm, producing multiple stems from 7.5 to 15 m (22 to 45 feet) in height and 30 cm (12") in width. The palm is elegant when lit from below at night. Can handle temperatures to around 25Âº F (-3.9Âº C) if not colder. Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd, Green, No Change, Evergreen. A mature specimen of Senegal date palm can reach 35 feet in height with a 12 to 20-foot-spread and creates a striking tree which casts a light shade. "Phoenix reclinata Tree Record." MADAGASCAR. Pronounciation: FEE-nix re-cli-NA-ta Hardiness zones Sunset 13 (with protection), 23-24 USDA 9 (with protection), 10-11. Tanzania, Rukwa, Sumbawanga, Mtimbwa-Sintali. Trees may be sold as male or female. They are also spiny palms, each leaf base starting with viciously narrow, strong barbs, that turn into leaves farther from the base. Growth rate. http://www.westafricanplants.senckenberg.de/root/index.php?page_id=14&id=1251, http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantnop/phoenixrec.htm, http://www.colebrothers.com/garden/palm2.html, http://hort.ufl.edu/database/documents/pdf/tree_fact_sheets/phoreca.pdf, http://idtools.org/id/palms/palmid/factsheet.php?name=Phoenix+reclinata, http://www.prota4u.org/protav8.asp?p=Phoenix+reclinata, http://www.biodiversityexplorer.org/plants/arecaceae/phoenix_reclinata.htm, https://www.palmpedia.net/wiki/index.php5?title=Phoenix_reclinata&oldid=162885, PALM SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (PSSC), CENTRAL FLORIDA PALM AND CYCAD SOCIETY (CFPCS). Notations by Research Work Editor Pal Meir. Growth Rate: Moderate. Scientific Name: Phoenix Reclinata. Phoenix reclinata x roebelenii Phoenix reclinata x rupicola Phoenix roebelenii Phoenix roebelenii var. They are very costly to purchase due to the slow growth rate. Belo, Cameroon, March 2014. This striking palm creates an interesting silhouette with its multiple, gracefully curved, often reclining, slender brown trunks, and dense crowns of stiff but feathery leaf fronds. Low, Medium, Extra in Summer . * No warranties or guarantees as to the accuracy of the data and information derived from this web site are expressed or implied. Compared to other palms this date is a relatively fast grower. There are about 180 genera and in excess of 2 500 species in these monocotyledonous plants. Phoenix reclinata. Photo by Kahuroa. Common Name: Senegal Date Palm. Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden. Phoenix reclinata is slow to deroot, requiring a 2 month period to prevent shocking. The Senegal date palm readily hybridizes with the many other species of Phoenix that are found in the landscape. Photo by Christopher Young. Dec 29, 2020. Gardenality is a gardening-centric site made by gardeners for gardeners with tools that enhance any gardening for the expert to the weekend gardener. The vegetative polymorphism of P. reclinata, which perhaps relates to ecological variation, has led to recognition of certain extreme phenotypes as distinct species or varieties (e.g., Chevalier 1952). Middle-aged Senegal Date Palm. Albert Park, central Auckland, New Zealand. Palmetum, Townsville, QLD, 21/10/14. Like all Phoenix palms, this one hybridizes readily, and many hybirds are growing all over California and Florida. The fruits are eaten as a snack and the seeds can be dried and ground into flour (Sierra Leone, Deighton 2397, K!). XL Senegal Date Palm Tree (phoenix reclinata) â (XL Specimen, 8â Pot) Strikingly huge clumps â Reclinata is a beautiful,cold tolerant multi-stemmed palm. The Senegal palm is particularly impressive displayed against large structures as backdrops where its gracefully curving stems are best appreciated. This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. (S.C. Barrow. Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd, Green, No Change, Evergreen. Leaves arcuate, about 2 - 3.5 m long; leaf sheath fibrous, reddish-brown; pseudopetiole rounded abaxially, smooth, often channelled adaxially, to 50 cm long; acanthophylls irregularly arranged, often congested proximally, about 10 - 15 on each side of rachis, 3 - 9 cm long; leaflets regularly arranged distally in one plane of orientation but median and proximal leaflets in fascicles of 3 - 5 and often fanned, about 80 - 130 on each side of rachis, 28 - 45 x 2.2- 3.6 cm; leaflet margin minutely crenulate; lamina concolorous, abaxial surface with white scurfy ramenta in midrib region. Photo by Dr. Stefaan Dondeyne. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Photo by Mmcknight4. Stem 10 (12) m, erect or oblique, without leaf sheaths to 20 cm in diam., dull brown, with persistent leaf sheaths 1 - 2 m below crown, otherwise becoming smooth, irregularly marked with oblique internode scars, cracked vertically; injured stem exuding clear yellowish gum. Growth Rate: Slow. Photo by Philippe, Pasadena, CA. Tanzania. 3 (1998), pp. 20 Apr 2008. )]; Luchingu (Fipa), [Mbugwe, Bullock 3074 (K! RSA Tree No. The Senegal date palm is variable in shape and form but tends to grow as clumps composed of multiple stems reaching 25 ft (7.6m) to 50 ft (15 m) in height. Harley & C.E. Photo by Bernard DUPONT. The California Polytechnic State University and the Cal Poly Corporation shall not be responsible for any loss of profit, indirect, incidental, special, or consequential damages arising out of the use of the data and information derived from this web site. Photo by Ton Rulkens. (RPS.com). Huntington Gardens. Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos. They, in turn, go on to produce further hybrids, ultimately undoing what nature took millions of years to set up. Photo: Dr. Robert v. Blittersdorff - westafricanplants.senckenberg.de, Tanzania, Arusha National Park, Momella Swamps. NIGERIA. UGANDA. Besides it is exactly as cold hardy as a reclinata (one would expect from a hybrid with CIDP's genes to be hardier than a reclinata) and slower in growth rate than a CIDP. (floridata.com), The Senegal date is inexpensive and easy to find at nurseries and discount stores in the Zones where it is hardy. Since many seed collectors do their collecting in areas no more dangerous than the local botanic garden, its very easy for these hybrid seeds to find their way on to the market. Photo: Dr. Rolf Kamphausen - westafricanplants.senckenberg.de, CÃ´te d'Ivoire, Lamto. They are topped by crowns of dark green to yellow green pinnate (feather shaped) fronds. Old frond bases are medium brown and remain on the trunk forming a showy trunk which is attractive all year long. White. Phoenix spinosa Schumach. Other individuals grow in tight masses of stems, foliage and long sharp spines - these make great barrier plants for creating impenetrable hedges. Mabu, Mozambique, Africa. Phoenix reclinata (left) and Hyophorbe lagenicaulis (right), Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Dara, taratra, taratsy, [Jumelle & Perrier (1913, 1945) ]; calalou, [Morondava, Greve 154 (P!) Ripening fruit. The sap is fermented into an alcoholic beverage and has been recorded as a remedy against urinary infections [Lake Prov., Tanner 5845 (K!)]. Phoenix reclinata: Hardiness Zones: 9b-11: Mature Height: 20-30 Feet: Growth Rate: Fast: Flower Color: Tiny cream colored flowers: Water Needs: Drought tolerant, likes well drained soil. (floridata.com). Umukindo, [Troupin (1987)]. Old frond bases are medium brown and remain on the trunk forming a showy trunk which is attractive all year long. I don't recall when clear trunks started but I would estimate, based on the tallest trunk, they might grow a foot a year; that would fall into line with Betrock's stated growth rate of medium (1-3' per year). Forgive the lecture, we just want to emphasize the importance of WILD-collected seeds, especially those of Phoenix. Sandy, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular . Photo by Kyle Wicomb, "Phoenix reclinata at Chileka airport in Malawi. Aia, Basque Country, Spain. Here in So Cal cold never touches this palm and it is very commonly planted. Southern Califonia. Newtown, Sarasota, Florida. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits). Pistillate flowers usually only one carpel reaching maturity, 3 - 4 mm high. Plants should receive adequate moisture during periods of drought. It is a very robust plant and will succeed in tropical to warm temperate climates and withstand moderate frosts. The dates, unfortunately, are not edible (to us... squirrels like them). For single trunk just prune off shoots. )]; kihangaga (Urukindu), [Lake Prov., Tanner 5845 (K!)]. Photo by Paul Craft. Large specimens command a high price. They are susceptible to ganoderma, a fatal fungal disease, especially when the base of the trunk suffers injury or is kept too moist. Whole leaves are used as door entrances and covers, or fans for stoking fires and repelling insects. They are also tolerant of moderate salt-spray. Photo by Dr. Stefan Dressler - westafricanplants.senckenberg.de, Skukuza Nursery Boardwalk, Skukuza, Kruger NP, SOUTH AFRICA. Cite this tree: Seed obovoid, with rounded apices, 12 - 14 x 5 - 6 mm; embryo lateral opposite raphe; endosperm homogeneous. Elev. These can be very attractive, particularly when viewed from a balcony above the tree. The palm heart is occasionally eaten as a vegetable. It is best used as an accent â¦ The palm is elegant when lit from below at night. But looks more attractive and grows faster if periodically watered. West Byfleet, England, United Kingdom. Soil Condition. The articles below list the "SPECIFICATIONS" for various popular palm trees. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Origin: Africa. Zambian side of Victoria Falls: within the spray zone of the Falls over the knife edge bridge about 50 m on left. Grows slow to moderate growth to 25 feet tall. : High. 1998)/Palmweb. Photo by Nick Dean. Male or female flowers are borne on separate plants, each on 3 feet of florescence. Photo by Dr. David Gwynne-Evans. Foliage is pinnate and recurved, growing 2.5 to 4.5 m in length and 0.75 m in width. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at email@example.com. Full, Half . A mature specimen of Senegal Date Palm can reach 35 feet in height with a 12 to 20-foot-spread and creates a striking tree which casts a light shade. A mature Reclinata can reach 35 feet tall with a 12 to 20 foot spread. Phoenix reclinata is a clumping palm with pinnate leaves that arch gracefully downward. 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