reasons for dutch settlement at the cape

ploughing and harvesting wheat, using hand tools such as sickles, sieving the grain to remove the chaff, gathering the wheat into piles (slave children often did this). Tutors Some slaves heard that this was going to happen, and rebelled because they believed that they would be given their freedom earlier. They were also bought, sold and hired out through advertisements placed in newspapers in the same way as in the American South. What was Robben Island used for during World War 2? Some slave owners rented out their slaves to do unskilled work such as working in the docks. The slaves had to learn Dutch. Realising that a traditional theme book project can be overwhelming for young children, even with help and supervision, we have created this printable file folder project to make learning easier! The Dutch Governor, Jan van Riebeeck settled in South Africa in 1652 and planted the first vines of French origin in 1655 in the Cape Town area. Maths The whole settlement was thus protected from Hottentot incursion. Altogether, 20 rebels were sentenced to death. Some slaves were carried by ships that were carrying other goods for trade. He organised the slaves on nearby farms to rebel against their masters. At its inception, the population stood at 20,016, of which 10,560 were white. my response-[1] = the DUTCH had to get FRESH FOOD, between the NETHERLANDS and the EAST-[2] = the DUTCH had to bring FARMING to AFRICA-AFRICA was undeveloped. Some could not afford to pay a debt, so they were enslaved as a payment of the debt. These countries included India, the East Indies, Mozambique, Madagascar, Japan, Guinea and Angola. File folder projects are ideal for multi-level learning.7. This was known as the Company gardens. From 1961 to 1991 it was used as a maximum security prison. The creative possibilities are endless. In 1808, a slave called Lois led a rebellion. Galant and the other slaves killed Van der Merwe and two other white people. The Dutch wanted to produce vegetable and fruits for the ships which sailed to India. This file folder project pack (or lapbook) is aimed at children aged 7-11 and can be adapted for multiple age levels, commonly found in the homeschooling situation. Cape Malay music originated from these slaves and the Cape Malay musical tradition is continued by the Cape Minstrel Carnival held on 2 January (Tweede Nuwe Jaar) every year. (6) Sample of a completed file folder project. Soon after the Portuguese explorer, Bartholomeu Dias rounded the Cape in 1488, other explorers found the sea route to the East and soon trade routes were established via the Cape between the East and West. Some were sold into slavery by their families, if the family was poor and could not afford to survive. After 1806, a number of Dutch-speaking inhabitants of the Cape Colony trekked inland, first in small groups. Slaves were bought and sold at DElC slave auctions (sales) and private auctions. But, only three French people came to the Cape that year. Name 6 places from which slaves were captured and brought to the Cape. The Dutch also started a large garden to produce fresh fruit and vegetables for themselves and the ships stopping at the refreshment station. Some kinder and fairer owners allowed their slaves to keep some of the money earned. Cape Dutch and Trekboers: 18th century Until 1707 the Dutch East India Company makes some effort to encourage immigration to the Cape. He set out along with his wife, Maria (nee de la Quellerie) and about 90 others, from Texel, Holland on the Drommedaris, his flagship, the Reyger and the Goede Hoop. Many slaves were talented and skilful people in their home countries and were forced to move away from families and friends. Email Wendy the title of the lapbook you wish to order at gaviny@mweb.co.za, 2. 1. These people were called ‘Boers’, the Dutch word for ‘farmer’. The DEIC already used slaves in other settlements so the Dutch decided to bring them to the Cape as well. They were thus attracted to the Cape settlement as it allowed for individual enterprise, opportunity and a … In 1647, the Haerlem, a Dutch trading ship, was shipwrecked in Table Bay. 1. Lapbooks Later, slaves came mainly from countries along the Indian Ocean trade route because the Dutch East India Company was, by then, allowed to trade only along the East Coast of Africa and with countries in the East. They were also not allowed to stop and talk to other slaves when out on the streets. In 1685, the DEIC wanted to develop farming more, and so decided to send a number of new people to the Cape. AFRICA had only nomads. After a brief reversion to the Dutch in the course of the Napoleonic wars, it was retaken in 1806 and kept by Britain in the post-war settlement of territorial claims. This can be seen by the number of mosques that have been built in the region. However, they did not want to leave their cattle and so were not always available. Slave owners could use harsh punishments like whipping, starving and forcing slaves to work very long hours. (1) (2) The aim of this book is to review the relationship between them, which in South African historiography is generally seen as antagonistic, but really was more inclusive and cooperative. Click here for more South African History File Folder Projects, Cambridge Slaves were not allowed to gather outside the entrances of church buildings during services. Afrikaans Language Arts The Cape of Good Hope was a Dutch settlement from 1652 until 1795. 4. The DEIC (Dutch East India Company) in the Netherlands was set up in 1602 to trade. Science – Junior Some learnt new skills or used those they had learnt in their own countries and worked as cart drivers, bricklayers, builders, painters, carpenters, shoemakers, tailors and boat builders. The first slaves to arrive at the Cape came from Angola. Its influence also lasted long after the abolition of slavery in 1838. The Dutch were the first Europeans to colonize the Cape. Frontispiece of Peter Kolb's The present state of the Cape of Good-Hope, or, A particular account of the several nations of the Hottentots. AFRICA had no farming. The Dutch recognising the value of the refugees, encouraged the French families to seek new homes in Dutch settlements. In South Africa under Dutch settlement, there was a shortage of labour, especially on the wheat and wine farms. The slaves came from many different places and did not have one common language. It's too expensive. Further political development occurred in 1840 when the Cape Town Municipality was formed. Most people who became slaves were captured in war and then sold to slave traders. Such people were known as Free Burghers. Image source, Activity 4 In 1651 the Council of Seventeen decided to establish a small settlement at the Cape to serve as a refreshment station for Company ships travelling to and from Batavia. The slaves added words from their own languages. Two more supply ships, the Olifant and the Walvis followed shortly after. The VOC was controlled by the Heeren XVII or Lords Seventeen who represented the various shareholders in the Company. Some Dutch VOC officials working in the east bought slaves. In the city, slaves did almost all skilled work. Some of the work activities that slaves did in the home. A map showing where slaves came from. AFRICA had no farming. The locals don’t want to work for us. Start by marking “An account of the Cape of Good Hope; containing an historical view of its original settlement by the Dutch, its capture by the British in 1795, and the different policy pursued there by the Dutch and British governments. Free Printable Chore Charts On 6 April 1652, Van Riebeeck dropped anchor in Table Bay. List the names of the 5 bastions (projecting parts) of the Castle. Name 3 good things that the sailors from the Haerlem said that they had found at the Cape. Just as in the American South, slaves were not allowed to marry. They got a better price for the slaves in the Cape than in the east, so they made a good profit doing this. In 1659, the Khoikhoi fought the Dutch over grazing land south of Able Bay. In time, the settlers built a harbour and workshops for ship repairs. The VOC was a Dutch commercial company, with the sole purpose of establishing settlements or “colonies” to increase profit. However, they did not want to leave their cattle and so were not always available. The headquarters of the Company were in Batavia on the island of Java and so the Cape was a convenient half-way stop for ships sailing from Holland. Field Trips, We are closing for Christmas on 16 December. Abstract. Science – Senior Others were put into prison for taking part in the rebellion. For example:  baie- a lot; piesang- banana; blatjang- chutney; sjambok- whip, Free burghers: The Dutch and French Huguenot immigration to the Cape. Activity 2 Slavery was illegal in Holland; so on their way home to Holland they sold their slaves at the Cape. Why do you think these bastions were built? Otherwise, slaves slept in kitchens or outside when it was warm. Slave traders often separated partners. In 1660 a Dutch ship with 150 slaves from Angola arrived at the Cape. Image source. Scurvy is caused by a lack of vitamin C. The VOC decided it would be a good idea to set up a half-way station at the Cape so that fresh fruit and vegetables could be grown for the sailors. Use this printable file folder project to learn all about the early days at the Cape settlement. They produced food for the growing settlement. The first thing the men did was to build a fort for protection. ... were at war with the Dutch over control of the seas. Here they could replenish their supplies of water, fruit, vegetables and meat. Eventually, in the 1830s, large numbers of Boers migrated in what came to be known as the Great Trek. Later the same year another ship arrived with more slaves. Free Printables Pay by EFT and select the option for the bank to send proof of payment to Wendy at the email address above, SAVINGS Account 2345020008 (you must select SAVINGS if your bank has CURRENT as the default account type or the payment might fail), Acc holder WT Young T/A Footprints On Our Land, (For a quick currency conversion go to www.xe.com.). Free Burghers were early settlers at the Cape of Good Hope in the 18th century. Some were born to parents who were slaves, and so would become slaves themselves. Later, they did not trust the Dutch and did not want to work for them at all. File folder projects are compact and easy to store.10. SA Board Game Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. At the age of twenty he joined the Dutch East India Company as an assistant surgeon, but later became a very successful trader for them, in Japan, Formosa (now Taiwan) and China. It will develop auditory and comprehension skills as well as the ability to search, sift and find answers in a written text.3. They bring skills in cultivating vines, which helps to lay the basis for the Cape wine industry. Sometimes slaves sold and bartered goods for their masters in the town. Today, Islam remains a vibrant, flourishing religion that has had a significant social, cultural and political influence in South Africa. (1) Reason For Dutch Settlement In Cape Town. You have nothing to lose as you have 8 weeks in which to request a 100% refund if The Dutch at the Cape is not everything you expect it to be! Many slaves were skilled builders, cabinet-makers, plasterers, dressmakers, bricklayers and carpenters. Explain the difference between the fort and the Castle. 3. Wheat farming, viticulture and breeding animals were the main activities in the Cape. Later, free citizens of the town and farmers in the countryside were also granted the right to own slaves. SA Children’s Books Islam arrived with slaves from Islamic countries and spread throughout South Africa. RICHMOND, VA—The Dutch East India Company established a small settlement at what is now Cape Town in 1652. They faced lives as miserable as their parents', with very little hope of escape. Dutch settlement, the Indian Ocean slave trade and slavery at the Cape - seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, Grade 7 - Term 3: Colonisation of the Cape in the 17th and 18th centuries, Cacadu District Municipality, Western Region, people who make horseshoes and other objects from metal, the cover of seeds, usually regarded as useless, the process of separating grain from chaff by throwing it into the air or blowing air through it. . They were extracted from the lower and least successful classes of Dutch and German society. The soldiers were armed and they defeated the slave group. Mozambique to the East and months to get reasons for dutch settlement at the cape load of slaves their! 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